FICO - Your Credit Score
Since we live in an automated society, it's not surprising that your ability to repay your mortgage comes down to a single number.
Credit reporting agencies use your history of paying all types of loans to build this score.
Equifax, TransUnion, and Experian, the three major credit reporting agencies, each have their own proprietary formula for building your credit score. Fair Isaac and Cooriginally developed this score. .
While Experian still calls its score "FICO", TransUnion calls its score "Beacon" and Equifax uses "Empirica." While each of the models considers a range of data available in your credit report, the differences aren't huge; each agency uses the following factors in calculating a credit score:
- Your Credit History - Have you had credit for years, or for just a short time?
- Payment History - Do you have any payments later than 30 days?
- Credit Card Balances - How many accounts do you hold? How much do you owe on your accounts?
- Credit Inquiries - How many times have you had your credit checked for a loan?
These factors are assigned weights based on the formula being used. Each formula produces a single number which varies slightly by agency. Credit scores range from 300 to 800. Higher is better. Most home buyers have a score above 620.
Credit scores make a huge difference in interest rates
FICO scores affect more than your ability to get a loan. They also affect your interest rate. Higher scores indicate you are a better credit risk, and thus may qualify for a better mortgage rate.
Improving your score
Unfortunately, there isn't a lot you can do to immediately improve your credit score. Despite what you hear from "credit repair" companies, the FICO score is based on your lifetime credit history, so it's not possible to raise it significantly in the short term. You should, of course, appeal for the credit agency to remove any incorrect reporting on your credit report, which is the only way to quickly improve your credit score.
How do I find out my FICO score?
Before you can improve your credit score, you must obtain your score and ensure that the credit reports from each agency are correct. Fair Isaac, the company that invented the first FICO credit score, sells credit scores on its website: myFICO.com. For a reasonable fee, you can get your FICO score from all three reporting agencies, along with your credit report. Also available are information and online tools that help you understand how to improve your credit score.
You can get a federally-mandated free credit report once per year from all three credit reporting agencies by visiting AnnualCreditReport.com. These reports do not include a free credit score, but it's very inexpensive to get one at the same time.
Armed with this information, you'll be a more informed consumer and you'll be better positioned to get the right mortgage for you.
Want to know more about credit scores? Call us: 800-555-6144.